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Effective Interventions

Core Elements & Fact Sheet

About Healthy Relationships

Healthy Relationships is a five-session, small-group intervention for men and women living with HIV. It is based on Social-Cognitive Theory and focuses on developing skills and building self-efficacy and positive expectations about new behaviors through modeling behaviors and practicing new skills. Decision-making and problem-solving skills are developed to enable participants to make informed and safe decisions about disclosure and behavior. The sessions create a context where people can interact, examine their risk, develop skills to reduce their risk, and receive feedback from others.

Intervention/Strategy Goals:

  1. The goal of the Healthy Relationships intervention is to reduce sexual risk behaviors of men and women living with HIV.

Intervention/Strategy Core Elements*:

  • Defining stress and reinforcing coping skills across three life areas—disclosing to family and friends, disclosing to sexual partners, and building healthier and safer relationships.
  • Using modeling, role-play, and feedback to teach and practice skills related to coping with stress.
  • Teaching decision-making skills about disclosure of HIV status.
  • Providing personal feedback reports to motivate changing risky behaviors and continuing protective behaviors.
  • Using movie clips to set up scenarios about disclosure and risk reduction to stimulate discussions and role-plays.
*Core elements are the characteristics of an individual intervention presumed to be responsible for the efficacy of the intervention.

Additional Information

Capacity Building Branch:    Phone: 404.718.7850    E-mail:
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