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Effective Interventions

Core Elements & Fact Sheet

About Peer Support

Peer Support is an individual- and group-level intervention strategy that can be implemented with patients who are either ART-experienced or ART-naïve. Patients who are HIV-positive, taking ART medicines and adherent to their treatment are trained to serve as “peers”. Peers provide medication-related social support through group meetings and weekly individual telephone calls. Group meetings are led by peers, who are supervised by agency/clinic program staff. The group meetings are designed to give patients an opportunity to engage face-to-face with their assigned peer, meet other peers and patients who are taking ART medications and share experiences with the group. Whereas, the weekly individual peer phone calls provide more in-depth personal attention and feedback to answer any questions the patient may have felt uncomfortable asking during group meetings. Group discussions focus on identifying barriers to ART adherence and problem-solving strategies to overcome barriers. Group meetings may also focus on life issues that may affect adherence, including disclosure, romantic relationships, substance use, and mental health issues. Based on issues identified by group members, peers may work with program staff to schedule speakers (e.g., nutritionist) to present during group sessions.

Additional Information

  • Peer Support Fact Sheet (Coming Soon)

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