Effective Interventions

Effective Interventions

High Impact Prevention

Condom Distribution Programs

Consider these as you DESIGN, MANAGE and MONITOR your program.


Your strategic planning process should consider these factors.

Identify local laws, policies, or practices that may support or hinder your program.

Resources and Partners
Develop a process for identifying and engaging appropriate community partners and agencies that plan, implement, manage, or provide resources to support your program.

Cost and Scale
Calculate the costs and determine the scale of your program

Target Audience
Successful programs should target the following:

  1. individuals at high risk,
  2. venues frequented by high-risk individuals,
  3. communities at greatest risk for HIV infection, and
  4. the general population within jurisdictions with high HIV incidence.

Identify challenges to reaching members of vulnerable or hard-to-reach populations as well as strategies to overcome those challenges.

Define your programmatic objectives, key indicators for measuring performance, and how that data will be collected. Key indicators to consider are:

  1. number of condoms distributed.
  2. number of agencies, venues, or settings where free condoms are distributed, and
  3. estimated number of audience impressions from campaign messages.


Your management plan should consider these factors.

Reduce administrative burden
To increase the efficacy and reach of your program, consider integrating it within your existing risk reduction interventions, prevention activities, or health services for those at risk.

Keep a high profile
Condom distribution as part of HIV testing outreach programs or individual, group, community level interventions can promote both condom use and other risk reduction behaviors.


Sustain and improve your efforts.

Ask these questions:

  • Is the program reaching the target audience?
  • Is the program increasing condom availability, accessibility, and acceptability in a way that reflects your contract's scope of work?
  • Are the products being distributed appropriate for the community?
  • Are your condom distribution activities taking place in the venues you intended?
  • How many condoms and other products have been distributed?
  • What steps have you taken to remove barriers that prevent members of your target audiences from accessing condoms?

Research and Development

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, Division of HIV/AIDS Prevention. (2010). "Condom Distribution as a Structural Level Intervention," a Factsheet.

The materials on this site are designed for HIV/AIDS prevention with persons at risk for acquiring or transmitting HIV. They are meant to be resources used by HIV prevention providers such as health departments and community-based organizations so as to provide the best evidence-based HIV prevention services. These materials are not meant for the general public. They are not meant for children. They are not school-based HIV prevention strategies.