Effective Interventions

Effective Interventions

High Impact Prevention

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Peer Support e-Learning Training Information

Peer Support is an individual- and group-level intervention strategy that can be implemented with patients who are either ART-experienced or ART-naïve. Patients who are HIV-positive, taking ART medicines and adherent to their treatment are trained to serve as “peers”. Peers provide medication-related social support through group meetings and weekly individual telephone calls. Group meetings are led by peers, who are supervised by agency/clinic program staff. The group meetings are designed to give patients an opportunity to engage face-to-face with their assigned peer, meet other peers and patients who are taking ART medications and share experiences with the group. Whereas, the weekly individual peer phone calls provide more in-depth personal attention and feedback to answer any questions the patient may have felt uncomfortable asking during group meetings. Group discussions focus on identifying barriers to ART adherence and problem-solving strategies to overcome barriers. Group meetings may also focus on life issues that may affect adherence, including disclosure, romantic relationships, substance use, and mental health issues. Based on issues identified by group members, peers may work with program staff to schedule speakers (e.g., nutritionist) to present during group sessions. 
Target Population: The target population for Peer Support is any individual experiencing challenges with adherence who is ART naïve or changing their ART regimen.

Peer Support e-learning Module
Target audience for the Peer Support e-learning module: This training is intended for individuals who will be responsible for conducting Peer Support sessions and program managers supervising peers.  To successfully implement the Peer Support strategy, additionally training is needed for peers on HIV and ART, barriers to adherence, and providing emotional, informational, and affirmational social support. Peers should also receive ongoing supervision from a Peer Support Program Manager to ensure that peers are adequately taking care of their needs and meeting needs of group members.

The e-Learning module for Peer Support will provide you with an overview of the Peer Support strategy, objectives, and instructional methods of the course. 

Complete the Peer Support module.HIP e-Learning Center Logo

This online module is a required activity that contains information that is necessary for implementing the Peer Support strategy. The content of this module will provide you with background information on Peer Support, its theoretical basis and key components of the strategy, an overview of the client sessions, and pre-implementation activities. Continuing education (CE) is available for nurses, physicians, pharmacists, and health educators who are certified health education specialist (CHES). If you are interested in obtaining continuing education, please follow the directions at the end of the course. If you are not interested in obtaining continuing education, please print your certificate at the end of the module. 

By the end of this module, you should be able to:

  • Describe the key components of the Peer Support strategy
  • Define the role of peers in promoting adherence
  • Describe key characteristics for identifying appropriate peers


The materials on this site are designed for HIV/AIDS prevention with persons at risk for acquiring or transmitting HIV. They are meant to be resources used by HIV prevention providers such as health departments and community-based organizations so as to provide the best evidence-based HIV prevention services. These materials are not meant for the general public. They are not meant for children. They are not school-based HIV prevention strategies.